A pelvic ultrasound is performed to visualize the organs within the pelvis, including the bladder, ovaries, prostate and other related structures in order to detect and evaluate conditions such as cancer, fibroids, ovarian cysts, kidney stones and urinary tract infections.
Doppler ultrasound technology may be used to view blood flow through the pelvis for a more accurate diagnosis. Male and female ultrasound exams may be performed using different techniques.
- Pelvic Pain which is a common complaint patients present due to entities such as ovarian cysts, tubo-ovarian abscesses, and uterine fibroids.
- Pelvic mass
- Pelvic Infection particularly tubo-ovarian abscesses which are difficult to diagnose at physical examination.
- Pelvic Trauma to evaluate for free fluid or clotted blood, which can be present in the pouch of Douglas (cul-de-sac).
- Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in the premenopausal patient as well as the postpartum and post abortion patient.
- Bladder Stone Identification
- Blockages to Blood Flow (such as clots).
- Narrowing of Vessels (which may be caused by plaque)
In men, a pelvic ultrasound is used to evaluate:
- Seminal vesicles